Artificial Parts Practical Lives

Artificial Parts  Practical Lives
Author: David Serlin
Publsiher: NYU Press
Total Pages: 359
Release: 2002-04-01
ISBN 10: 0814761984
ISBN 13: 9780814761984
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Parts Practical Lives Book Review:

Of crucial strategic importance to both the British and the Continental Army, Staten Island was, for a good part of the American Revolution, a bastion of Loyalist support. With its military and political significance, Staten Island provides rich terrain for Phillip Papas's illuminating case study of the local dimensions of the Revolutionary War. Papas traces Staten Island's political sympathies not to strong ties with Britain, but instead to local conditions that favored the status quo instead of revolutionary change. With a thriving agricultural economy, stable political structure, and strong allegiance to the Anglican Church, on the eve of war it was in Staten Island's self-interest to throw its support behind the British, in order to maintain its favorable economic, social, and political climate. Over the course of the conflict, continual occupation and attack by invading armies deeply eroded Staten Island's natural and other resources, and these pressures, combined with general war weariness, created fissures among the residents of “that ever loyal island,” with Loyalist neighbors fighting against Patriot neighbors in a civil war. Papas’s thoughtful study reminds us that the Revolution was both a civil war and a war for independence—a duality that is best viewed from a local perspective.

Artificial Parts Practical Lives

Artificial Parts  Practical Lives
Author: David Serlin
Publsiher: NYU Press
Total Pages: 359
Release: 2002-04-01
ISBN 10: 9780814761977
ISBN 13: 0814761976
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Artificial Parts Practical Lives Book Review:

Of crucial strategic importance to both the British and the Continental Army, Staten Island was, for a good part of the American Revolution, a bastion of Loyalist support. With its military and political significance, Staten Island provides rich terrain for Phillip Papas's illuminating case study of the local dimensions of the Revolutionary War. Papas traces Staten Island's political sympathies not to strong ties with Britain, but instead to local conditions that favored the status quo instead of revolutionary change. With a thriving agricultural economy, stable political structure, and strong allegiance to the Anglican Church, on the eve of war it was in Staten Island's self-interest to throw its support behind the British, in order to maintain its favorable economic, social, and political climate. Over the course of the conflict, continual occupation and attack by invading armies deeply eroded Staten Island's natural and other resources, and these pressures, combined with general war weariness, created fissures among the residents of “that ever loyal island,” with Loyalist neighbors fighting against Patriot neighbors in a civil war. Papas’s thoughtful study reminds us that the Revolution was both a civil war and a war for independence—a duality that is best viewed from a local perspective.

Replaceable You

Replaceable You
Author: David Serlin
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2004-06-15
ISBN 10: 0226748839
ISBN 13: 9780226748832
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Replaceable You Book Review:

After World War II, the United States underwent a massive cultural transformation that was vividly realized in the development and widespread use of new medical technologies. Plastic surgery, wonder drugs, artificial organs, and prosthetics inspired Americans to believe in a new age of modern medical miracles. The nationalistic pride that flourished in postwar society, meanwhile, encouraged many Americans to put tremendous faith in the power of medicine to rehabilitate and otherwise transform the lives and bodies of the disabled and those considered abnormal. Replaceable You revisits this heady era in American history to consider how these medical technologies and procedures were used to advance the politics of conformity during the 1950s.

Uncovering Social Life

Uncovering Social Life
Author: Chris Shilling,Philip A. Mellor
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2017-12-12
ISBN 10: 1317390326
ISBN 13: 9781317390329
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Uncovering Social Life Book Review:

In an era when rapid social change, the disappearance of traditional communities, the rise of political populism and the threat posed by radical religious movements makes it appear that ‘all that is solid melts into air’, the classical sociological problem of how peaceable societies can be created and maintained assumes renewed urgency. Uncovering Social Life: Critical Perspectives from Sociology explores how contemporary institutional changes erode existing social relationships and identities but also create space for opposition to, or creative adaptation of, these broader shifts. Exploring the threats and opportunities associated with the contemporary age, this book identifies how sociology helps us understand the problems associated with social order and change before focusing on the most important institutional transformations to have occurred in: bodies and health; sex, gender and sexuality; employment; finance; the Internet and new social media; technology and artificial intelligence; religion; governance and terrorism. After a critical introduction placing these issues in their historical and sociological context, theoretical chapters analysing how sociology views the individual/society relationship, and the volatile processes endemic to the modern era, provide an innovative and comprehensive context for these explorations. This book provides a clear and engaging account of social life. Covering a broad range of sociological topics, the diverse chapters are united in a concern with three major themes: the growing complexity of the current era, and the ‘doubled’ identities with which it is associated; the opportunities and constraints such developments pose to different groups; and the capacity of institutional changes to both erode existing social relationships, and create space for the emergence of new collective identities that oppose these structural shifts.

Bodies in Flux

Bodies in Flux
Author: Barbara Braid,Hanan Muzaffar
Publsiher: BRILL
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2019-08-26
ISBN 10: 9004408762
ISBN 13: 9789004408760
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bodies in Flux Book Review:

This volume discusses fluidity of the post-human bodies on various cultural and social examples – from the cyber relations to others and to self, through fragmented, prosetheticised, monstrous or augmented body, to the dis/utopian fantasies.

America s Corporal

America s Corporal
Author: James Alan Marten
Publsiher: University of Georgia Press
Total Pages: 199
Release: 2014
ISBN 10: 082034320X
ISBN 13: 9780820343204
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

America s Corporal Book Review:

The first biography of one of the Civil War's most famous disabled veterans and most prominent public figures in the Gilded Age. An examination of the dynamics of disability, the culture and politics of the Gilded Age, and the aftereffects of the Civil War.

No Right to Be Idle

No Right to Be Idle
Author: Sarah F. Rose
Publsiher: UNC Press Books
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2017-02-13
ISBN 10: 1469624907
ISBN 13: 9781469624907
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

No Right to Be Idle Book Review:

During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Americans with all sorts of disabilities came to be labeled as "unproductive citizens." Before that, disabled people had contributed as they were able in homes, on farms, and in the wage labor market, reflecting the fact that Americans had long viewed productivity as a spectrum that varied by age, gender, and ability. But as Sarah F. Rose explains in No Right to Be Idle, a perfect storm of public policies, shifting family structures, and economic changes effectively barred workers with disabilities from mainstream workplaces and simultaneously cast disabled people as morally questionable dependents in need of permanent rehabilitation to achieve "self-care" and "self-support." By tracing the experiences of policymakers, employers, reformers, and disabled people caught up in this epochal transition, Rose masterfully integrates disability history and labor history. She shows how people with disabilities lost access to paid work and the status of "worker--a shift that relegated them and their families to poverty and second-class economic and social citizenship. This has vast consequences for debates about disability, work, poverty, and welfare in the century to come.

Life and Limb

Life and Limb
Author: David Seed,Stephen Christopher Kenny,Stephen C. Kenny,Chris Williams
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 1781382506
ISBN 13: 9781781382509
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Life and Limb Book Review:

A fascinating collection of primary sources on medical experiences in the US Civil War.

The Radical Lives of Helen Keller

The Radical Lives of Helen Keller
Author: Kim E. Nielsen,Harvey J. Kaye
Publsiher: NYU Press
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2004-01-01
ISBN 10: 0814758134
ISBN 13: 9780814758137
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Radical Lives of Helen Keller Book Review:

The Civil War is a much plumbed area of scholarship, so much so that at times it seems there is no further work to be done in the field. However, the experience of children and youth during that tumultuous time remains a relatively unexplored facet of the conflict.Children and Youth during the Civil War Era seeks a deeper investigation into the historical record by and giving voice and context to their struggles and victories during this critical period in American history. Prominent historians and rising scholars explore issues important to both the Civil War era and to the history of children and youth, including the experience of orphans, drummer boys, and young soldiers on the front lines, and even the impact of the war on the games children played in this collection. Each essay places the history of children and youth in the context of the sectional conflict, while in turn shedding new light on the sectional conflict by viewing it through the lens of children and youth. A much needed, multi-faceted historical account,Children and Youth during the Civil War Era touches on some of the most important historiographical issues with which historians of children and youth and of the Civil War home front have grappled over the last few years.

The Artificial Ear

The Artificial Ear
Author: Stuart Blume
Publsiher: Rutgers University Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2009-12-22
ISBN 10: 9780813549118
ISBN 13: 0813549116
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Artificial Ear Book Review:

When it was first developed, the cochlear implant was hailed as a "miracle cure" for deafness. That relatively few deaf adults seemed to want it was puzzling. The technology was then modified for use with deaf children, 90 percent of whom have hearing parents. Then, controversy struck as the Deaf community overwhelmingly protested the use of the device and procedure. For them, the cochlear implant was not viewed in the context of medical progress and advances in the physiology of hearing, but instead represented the historic oppression of deaf people and of sign languages. Part ethnography and part historical study, The Artificial Ear is based on interviews with researchers who were pivotal in the early development and implementation of the new technology. Through an analysis of the scientific and clinical literature, Stuart Blume reconstructs the history of artificial hearing from its conceptual origins in the 1930s, to the first attempt at cochlear implantation in Paris in the 1950s, and to the widespread clinical application of the "bionic ear" since the 1980s.

Face On

Face On
Author: Sharrona Pearl
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2017-04-12
ISBN 10: 022646153X
ISBN 13: 9780226461533
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Face On Book Review:

Are our identities attached to our faces? If so, what happens when the face connected to the self is gone forever—or replaced? In Face/On, Sharrona Pearl investigates the stakes for changing the face–and the changing stakes for the face—in both contemporary society and the sciences. The first comprehensive cultural study of face transplant surgery, Face/On reveals our true relationships to faces and facelessness, explains the significance we place on facial manipulation, and decodes how we understand loss, reconstruction, and transplantation of the face. To achieve this, Pearl draws on a vast array of sources: bioethical and medical reports, newspaper and television coverage, performances by pop culture icons, hospital records, personal interviews, films, and military files. She argues that we are on the cusp of a new ethics, in an opportune moment for reframing essentialist ideas about appearance in favor of a more expansive form of interpersonal interaction. Accessibly written and respectfully illustrated, Face/On offers a new perspective on face transplant surgery as a way to consider the self and its representation as constantly present and evolving. Highly interdisciplinary, this study will appeal to anyone wishing to know more about critical interventions into recent medicine, makeover culture, and the beauty industry.

Phantom Limb

Phantom Limb
Author: Cassandra Crawford
Publsiher: NYU Press
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2014-01-20
ISBN 10: 0814789285
ISBN 13: 9780814789285
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phantom Limb Book Review:

Examines phantom limb pain and its relationship to prosthetic innovation, tracing the major shifts in knowledge of the causes and characteristics of the phenomenon. (Social Science)

Accessible America

Accessible America
Author: Bess Williamson
Publsiher: NYU Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2019-01-15
ISBN 10: 1479807222
ISBN 13: 9781479807222
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Accessible America Book Review:

A history of design that is often overlooked—until we need it Have you ever hit the big blue button to activate automatic doors? Have you ever used an ergonomic kitchen tool? Have you ever used curb cuts to roll a stroller across an intersection? If you have, then you’ve benefited from accessible design—design for people with physical, sensory, and cognitive disabilities. These ubiquitous touchstones of modern life were once anything but. Disability advocates fought tirelessly to ensure that the needs of people with disabilities became a standard part of public design thinking. That fight took many forms worldwide, but in the United States it became a civil rights issue; activists used design to make an argument about the place of people with disabilities in public life. In the aftermath of World War II, with injured veterans returning home and the polio epidemic reaching the Oval Office, the needs of people with disabilities came forcibly into the public eye as they never had before. The US became the first country to enact federal accessibility laws, beginning with the Architectural Barriers Act in 1968 and continuing through the landmark Americans with Disabilities Act in 1990, bringing about a wholesale rethinking of our built environment. This progression wasn’t straightforward or easy. Early legislation and design efforts were often haphazard or poorly implemented, with decidedly mixed results. Political resistance to accommodating the needs of people with disabilities was strong; so, too, was resistance among architectural and industrial designers, for whom accessible design wasn’t “real” design. Bess Williamson provides an extraordinary look at everyday design, marrying accessibility with aesthetic, to provide an insight into a world in which we are all active participants, but often passive onlookers. Richly detailed, with stories of politics and innovation, Williamson’s Accessible America takes us through this important history, showing how American ideas of individualism and rights came to shape the material world, often with unexpected consequences.

The Routledge History of Disease

The Routledge History of Disease
Author: Mark Jackson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 636
Release: 2016-08-05
ISBN 10: 113485787X
ISBN 13: 9781134857876
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Routledge History of Disease Book Review:

The Routledge History of Disease draws on innovative scholarship in the history of medicine to explore the challenges involved in writing about health and disease throughout the past and across the globe, presenting a varied range of case studies and perspectives on the patterns, technologies and narratives of disease that can be identified in the past and that continue to influence our present. Organized thematically, chapters examine particular forms and conceptualizations of disease, covering subjects from leprosy in medieval Europe and cancer screening practices in twentieth-century USA to the ayurvedic tradition in ancient India and the pioneering studies of mental illness that took place in nineteenth-century Paris, as well as discussing the various sources and methods that can be used to understand the social and cultural contexts of disease. Chapter 24 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. https://www.routledgehandbooks.com/doi/10.4324/9781315543420.ch24

The Technological Fix

The Technological Fix
Author: Lisa Rosner
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2013-02-01
ISBN 10: 1135938504
ISBN 13: 9781135938505
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Technological Fix Book Review:

The term "technological fix" should mean a fix provided by technology--a solution for all of our problems, from medicine and food production to the environment and business. Instead, technological fix has come to mean a cheap, quick fix using inappropriate technology that usually creates more problems than it solves. This collection sets out the distinction between a technological fix and a true technological solution. Bringing together scholars from a variety of disciplines, the essays trace the technological fix as it has appeared throughout the twentieth century. Addressing such "fixes" as artificial hearts, industrial agriculture and climate engineering, these essays examine our need to turn to technology for solutions to all of our problems.

Disability in the Global Sport Arena

Disability in the Global Sport Arena
Author: Jill M. Le Clair
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2013-09-13
ISBN 10: 1135694249
ISBN 13: 9781135694241
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disability in the Global Sport Arena Book Review:

Sport is often at the centre of battles for rights to inclusion linked to class, race and gender, and this book explores struggles centred on disability in different cultural settings in Europe, North America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. It challenges oversights and assumptions about the ‘normal’ body, and describes how individual and organizational transformations can occur through sport. The abilities of a person are recognised and placed centre stage - instead of the individual being forgotten, excluded, or placed at the margins simply because they have a disability. National, regional and global change is part of the shift to the rights based approach reflected in the 2006 UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Making sport inclusive affects the accessibility of facilities, funding, the media, policies, programs, organisations, sponsors and spectators, and at the same time changes the cultural values of the wider society. It also raises issues about competition access and eligibility for ‘different’ and technologically enhanced ‘cyborg’ bodies, and for those most socially disadvantaged. Addressing these questions which ultimately touch on the real meaning of sport can lead to profound changes in people’s attitudes, and how sport is organized locally and globally. Growth in the influential global organisations of the Paralympic Games, Special Olympics and Deaflympics is examined, as is the approach to disability in sport in both advantaged and resource poor countries. The embodied lives of persons with disabilities are explored utilizing new theoretical models, perspectives and approaches. This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society.

FDR in American Memory

FDR in American Memory
Author: Sara Polak
Publsiher: JHU Press
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2021-12-14
ISBN 10: 1421442841
ISBN 13: 9781421442846
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

FDR in American Memory Book Review:

As a study of presidential image-fashioning, FDR in American Memory will be of immediate relevance to present-day readers.

Medical Technology into Healthcare and Society

Medical Technology into Healthcare and Society
Author: A. Faulkner
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2008-11-28
ISBN 10: 0230228364
ISBN 13: 9780230228368
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Technology into Healthcare and Society Book Review:

From bandage to the bioreactor, this book looks at five different device technologies from inception to healthcare practice, drawing on medical sociology, science and technology studies and political science. It examines 'evidence', regulation and governance processes, and diverse stakeholders in innovating the technologies that shape health care.

Patriotism by Proxy

Patriotism by Proxy
Author: Colleen Glenney Boggs
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2020-08-03
ISBN 10: 0192609041
ISBN 13: 9780192609045
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Patriotism by Proxy Book Review:

At the height of the Civil War in 1863, the Union instated the first-ever federal draft. Patriotism By Proxy develops a new understanding of the connections between American literature and American lives by focusing on this historic moment when the military transformed both. Paired with the Emancipation Proclamation, the 1863 draft inaugurated new relationships between the nation and its citizens. A massive bureaucratic undertaking, it redefined the American people as a population, laying bare social divisions as wealthy draftees hired substitutes to serve in their stead. The draft is the context in which American politics met and also transformed into a new kind of biopolitics, and these substitutes reflect the transformation of how the state governed American life. Censorship and the suspension of habeas corpus prohibited free discussions over the draft's significance, making literary devices and genres the primary means for deliberating over the changing meanings of political representation and citizenship. Assembling an extensive textual and visual archive, Patriotism by Proxy examines the draft as a cultural formation that operated at the nexus of political abstraction and embodied specificity, where the definition of national subjectivity was negotiated in the interstices of what it means to be a citizen-soldier. It brings together novels, poems, letters, and newspaper editorials that show how Americans discussed the draft at a time of censorship, and how the federal draft changed the way that Americans related to the state and to each other.

Disability Gender and the Trajectories of Power

Disability  Gender and the Trajectories of Power
Author: Asha Hans
Publsiher: SAGE Publications India
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2015-04-23
ISBN 10: 9351505057
ISBN 13: 9789351505051
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Disability Gender and the Trajectories of Power Book Review:

This book argues for the rights of women with disabilities, who live on the periphery of society, and seeks to eradicate the exclusion and stigma that are part of their lives. It brings together the perspectives of academicians and activists in trying to understand the various social issues faced by women with disabilities and argues for a society where they are not denied respect, equality, and justice. Filling the gap in the existing feminist research, this book seeks to influence the way in which society treats women with disabilities and will be of interest to scholars and researchers in the field of women’s rights, disability rights, and rehabilitation.