A Jewish Orchestra in Nazi Germany

A Jewish Orchestra in Nazi Germany
Author: Lily E. Hirsch
Publsiher: University of Michigan Press
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 0472025406
ISBN 13: 9780472025404
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Jewish Orchestra in Nazi Germany Book Review:

"Offers a clear introduction to a fascinating, yet little known, phenomenon in Nazi Germany, whose very existence will be a surprise to the general public and to historians. Easily blending general history with musicology, the book provides provocative yet compelling analysis of complex issues." ---Michael Meyer, author of The Politics of Music in the Third Reich "Hirsch poses complex questions about Jewish identity and Jewish music, and she situates these against a political background vexed by the impossibility of truly viable responses to such questions. Her thorough archival research is complemented by her extensive use of interviews, which gives voice to those swept up in the Holocaust. A Jewish Orchestra in Nazi Germany is a book filled with the stories of real lives, a collective biography in modern music history that must no longer remain in silence." ---Philip V. Bohlman, author of Jewish Music and Modernity "An engaging and downright gripping history. The project is original, the research is outstanding, and the presentation lucid." ---Karen Painter, author of Symphonic Aspirations: German Music and Politics, 1900-1945 The Jewish Culture League was created in Berlin in June 1933, the only organization in Nazi Germany in which Jews were not only allowed but encouraged to participate in music, both as performers and as audience members. Lily E. Hirsch's A Jewish Orchestra in Nazi Germany is the first book to seriously investigate and parse the complicated questions the existence of this unique organization raised, such as why the Nazis would promote Jewish music when, in the rest of Germany, it was banned. The government's insistence that the League perform only Jewish music also presented the organization's leaders and membership with perplexing conundrums: what exactly is Jewish music? Who qualifies as a Jewish composer? And, if it is true that the Nazis conceived of the League as a propaganda tool, did Jewish participation in its activities amount to collaboration? Lily E. Hirsch is Assistant Professor of Music at Cleveland State University.

A Jewish Orchestra in Nazi Germany

A Jewish Orchestra in Nazi Germany
Author: Lily E Hirsch
Publsiher: University of Michigan Press
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2011-12-27
ISBN 10: 0472034979
ISBN 13: 9780472034970
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Jewish Orchestra in Nazi Germany Book Review:

Examines the complicated history of a Jewish cultural organization supported by Nazi Germany

The Inextinguishable Symphony

The Inextinguishable Symphony
Author: Martin Goldsmith
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2000-09-04
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105028511439
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Inextinguishable Symphony Book Review:

A moving account of emotional strength under fire chronicles the true story of two Jewish musicians who fell in love under the Nazi regime and managed to keep their passion and their music alive through very difficult times. 25,000 first printing.

The Political Orchestra

The Political Orchestra
Author: Fritz Trümpi
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2016-11-07
ISBN 10: 022625142X
ISBN 13: 9780226251424
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Political Orchestra Book Review:

This is a groundbreaking study of the prestigious Berlin and Vienna Philharmonics during the Third Reich. Making extensive use of archival material, including some discussed here for the first time, Fritz Trümpi offers new insight into the orchestras’ place in the larger political constellation. Trümpi looks first at the decades preceding National Socialist rule, when the competing orchestras, whose rivalry mirrored a larger rivalry between Berlin and Vienna, were called on to represent “superior” Austro-German music and were integrated into the administrative and social structures of their respective cities—becoming vulnerable to political manipulation in the process. He then turns to the Nazi period, when the orchestras came to play a major role in cultural policies. As he shows, the philharmonics, in their own unique ways, strengthened National Socialist dominance through their showcasing of Germanic culture in the mass media, performances for troops and the general public, and fictional representations in literature and film. Accompanying these propaganda efforts was an increasing politicization of the orchestras, which ranged from the dismissal of Jewish members to the programming of ideologically appropriate repertory—all in the name of racial and cultural purity. Richly documented and refreshingly nuanced, The Political Orchestra is a bold exploration of the ties between music and politics under fascism.

Rethinking Schumann

Rethinking Schumann
Author: Roe-Min Kok,Laura Tunbridge
Publsiher: OUP USA
Total Pages: 471
Release: 2011-01-19
ISBN 10: 0195393856
ISBN 13: 9780195393859
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rethinking Schumann Book Review:

This collection of essays aims to broaden and update scholarly approaches to Schumann, by considering his works and their reception in the context of various cultural and socio-institutional frameworks, from mid-nineteenth-century politics, through Nazi Germany, to late-twentieth-century popular culture.

Anneliese Landau s Life in Music Nazi Germany to migr California

Anneliese Landau s Life in Music  Nazi Germany to   migr   California
Author: Lily E. Hirsch
Publsiher: Boydell & Brewer
Total Pages: 221
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 1580469515
ISBN 13: 9781580469517
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Anneliese Landau s Life in Music Nazi Germany to migr California Book Review:

A detailed and moving account of the life of Anneliese Landau, who, in Nazi Germany and later in émigré California, fought against prejudice to do notable work in music.

The Reich s Orchestra

The Reich s Orchestra
Author: Misha Aster
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 9780889629134
ISBN 13: 0889629137
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Reich s Orchestra Book Review:

This book represents the first comprehensive study of the relationship between Hitler's regime and its musical crown jewel, the Berlin Philharmonic. The Nazi's patronage afforded the Berlin Philharmonic innumerable privileges unique among German cultural institutions. The orchestra accepted these benefits with a combination of gratitude, apprehension and vindication. As the musicians attempted to balance their exceptional status with a degree of artistic and organizational autonomy, tensions between ideological principle, legal jurisdiction, personal taste, and pragmatic regulation revealed profound contradictions at the heart of the Nazi State. In terms of institutional development, the transformations of the Berlin Philharmonic between 1933 and 1945 remain the models for the orchestra's organization to the present day. Drawing together documents from orchestra, State and private archives, this book reflects the experience of a major cultural institution, at once distressingly typical of Germany's Nazi experience, and astonishingly distinct. Primary documents arranged as the book's skeletal structure open up original sources, in many cases for the first time, to further scholarly review, while offering casual readers a unique taste of the troubling, at times shocking, at others even humorous, state of 'normalcy' in this milieu.

Forbidden Music

Forbidden Music
Author: Michael Haas
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2013-04-15
ISBN 10: 0300154313
ISBN 13: 9780300154313
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forbidden Music Book Review:

DIV With National Socialism's arrival in Germany in 1933, Jews dominated music more than virtually any other sector, making it the most important cultural front in the Nazi fight for German identity. This groundbreaking book looks at the Jewish composers and musicians banned by the Third Reich and the consequences for music throughout the rest of the twentieth century. Because Jewish musicians and composers were, by 1933, the principal conveyors of Germany’s historic traditions and the ideals of German culture, the isolation, exile and persecution of Jewish musicians by the Nazis became an act of musical self-mutilation. Michael Haas looks at the actual contribution of Jewish composers in Germany and Austria before 1933, at their increasingly precarious position in Nazi Europe, their forced emigration before and during the war, their ambivalent relationships with their countries of refuge, such as Britain and the United States and their contributions within the radically changed post-war music environment. /div

Orchestra of Exiles

Orchestra of Exiles
Author: Josh Aronson,Denise George
Publsiher: Berkley
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 0425281213
ISBN 13: 9780425281215
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Orchestra of Exiles Book Review:

The compelling biography of the violinist who founded the Palestine Symphony Orchestra and saved hundreds of people from Hitler--as seen in Josh Aronson's documentary Orchestra of Exiles. "The true artist does not create art as an end in itself. He creates art for human beings. Humanity is the goal."--Bronislaw Huberman At fourteen, Bronislaw Huberman played the Brahms Violin Concerto in Vienna-- winning high praise from the composer himself, who was there. Instantly famous, Huberman began touring all over the world and received invitations to play for royalty across Europe. But after witnessing the tragedy of World War I, he committed his phenomenal talent and celebrity to aid humanity. After studying at the Sorbonne in Paris, Huberman joined the ranks of Sigmund Freud and Albert Einstein in calling for peace through the Pan European Movement. But when hope for their noble vision was destroyed by the rise of Nazism, Huberman began a crusade that would become his greatest legacy--the creation, in 1936, of the Palestine Symphony, which twelve years later became the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra. In creating this world-level orchestra, Huberman miraculously arranged for the very best Jewish musicians and their families to emigrate from Nazi-threatened territories. His tireless campaigning for the project--including a marathon fundraising concert tour across America--ultimately saved nearly a thousand Jews from the approaching Holocaust. Inviting the great Arturo Toscanini to conduct the orchestra's first concert, Huberman's clarion call of art over cruelty was heard around the world. His story contains estraordinary adventures, riches and royalty, politicians and broken promises, losses and triumphs. Against near impossible obstacles, Huberman refused to give up on his dream to create a unique and life-saving orchestra of exiles which was one of the great cultural achievements of the 20th century. Includes Photographs

Red Orchestra

Red Orchestra
Author: Anne Nelson
Publsiher: Random House
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2009-04-07
ISBN 10: 1588367991
ISBN 13: 9781588367990
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Red Orchestra Book Review:

In this unforgettable book, distinguished author Anne Nelson shares one of the most shocking and inspiring–and least chronicled–stories of domestic resistance to the Nazi regime. The Rote Kapelle, or Red Orchestra, was the Gestapo’s name for an intrepid band of German artists, intellectuals, and bureaucrats (almost half of them women) who battled treacherous odds to unveil the brutal secrets of their fascist employers and oppressors. Based on years of research, featuring new information, and culled from exclusive interviews, Red Orchestra documents this riveting story through the eyes of Greta Kuckhoff, a German working mother. Fighting for an education in 1920s Berlin but frustrated by her country’s economic instability and academic sexism, Kuckhoff ventured to America, where she immersed herself in jazz, Walt Disney movies, and the first stirrings of the New Deal. When she returned to her homeland, she watched with anguish as it descended into a totalitarian society that relegated her friends to exile and detention, an environment in which political extremism evoked an extreme response. Greta and others in her circle were appalled by Nazi anti-Semitism and took action on many fronts to support their Jewish friends and neighbors. As the war raged and Nazi abuses grew in ferocity and reach, resistance was the only possible avenue for Greta and her compatriots. These included Arvid Harnack–the German friend she met in Wisconsin–who collected anti-Nazi intelligence while working for their Economic Ministry; Arvid’s wife, Mildred, who emigrated to her husband’s native country to become the only American woman executed by Hitler; Harro Schulze-Boysen, the glamorous Luftwaffe intelligence officer who smuggled anti-Nazi information to allies abroad; his wife, Libertas, a social butterfly who coaxed favors from an unsuspecting Göring; John Sieg, a railroad worker from Detroit who publicized Nazi atrocities from a Communist underground printing press; and Greta Kuckhoff’s husband, Adam, a theatrical colleague of Brecht’s who found employment in Goebbels’s propaganda unit in order to undermine the regime. For many members of the Red Orchestra, these audacious acts of courage resulted in their tragic and untimely end. These unsung individuals are portrayed here with startling and sympathetic power. As suspenseful as a thriller, Red Orchestra is a brilliant account of ordinary yet bold citizens who were willing to sacrifice everything to topple the Third Reich.

Composers of the Nazi Era

Composers of the Nazi Era
Author: Michael H. Kater,Distinguished Research Professor of History at the Centre for German and European Studies Michael H Kater
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 399
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 0195099249
ISBN 13: 9780195099249
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Composers of the Nazi Era Book Review:

How does creativity thrive in the face of fascism? How can a highly artistic individual function professionally in so threatening a climate?Composers of the Nazi Era is the final book in a critically acclaimed trilogy that includes Different Drummers (OUP 1992) and The Twisted Muse (OUP 1997), which won the Wallace K. Ferguson Prize of the Canadian Historical Association. Here, historian Michael H. Kater provides a detailed study of the often interrelated careers of eight prominent German composers who lived and worked amid the dictatorship of the Third Reich, or were driven into exile by it: Werner Egk, Paul Hindemith, Kurt Weill, Karl Amadeus Hartmann, Carl Orff, Hans Pfitzner, Arnold Schoenberg, and Richard Strauss. Kater weighs issues of accommodation and resistance to ask whether these artists corrupted themselves in the service of a criminal regime--and if so, whether this may be discerned from their music. After chapters discussing the circumstances of each composer individually, Kater concludes with an analysis of the composers' different responses to the Nazi regime and an overview of the sociopolitical background against which they functioned. The final chapter also extends the discussion beyond the end of World War II to examine how the composers reacted to the new and fragile democracy in Germany.

Music in the Holocaust

Music in the Holocaust
Author: Shirli Gilbert
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 243
Release: 2005-03-17
ISBN 10: 0199277974
ISBN 13: 9780199277971
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Music in the Holocaust Book Review:

Shirli Gilbert has produced the first large-scale, critical account of the role of music amongst communities imprisoned under Nazism. She documents a wide scope of musical activities in Nazi internment centres, and is also concerned with exploring the ways in which music - particularly the many songs that were preserved - contribute to our broader understanding of the Holocaust and the experiences of its victims.

Driven Into Paradise

Driven Into Paradise
Author: Reinhold Brinkmann,Christoph Wolff
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 373
Release: 1999-09-14
ISBN 10: 9780520214132
ISBN 13: 0520214137
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Driven Into Paradise Book Review:

"This is a long overdue and brilliant contribution to our understanding of the intellectual migration from Europe. The essays in this volume illuminate in new ways the experiences of musicians and scholars who fled Europe."—Leon Botstein, Music Director, American Symphony Orchestra "With a sweep and coherence very rare in essay collections, this volume immediately takes its place as one of the most important publications on twentieth-century music. The range of source materials is dazzling: anecdotes, letters, memoirs, interviews, newspaper articles, musical scores, films, and archival documents. Handled with deft scholarship, they add up to a balanced yet deeply moving account of how figures of exile experienced and transformed American culture."—Walter Frisch, author of The Early Works of Arnold Schoenberg

Different Drummers

Different Drummers
Author: Michael H. Kater
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 291
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 9780195165531
ISBN 13: 0195165535
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Different Drummers Book Review:

For the architects of the third reich, jazz was an especially threatening form of expression, because of its essence: spontaneity, improvisation and individuality. Jazz survived persecution and became a powerful symbol of political disobedience and resistance in wartime Germany.

Jewish Music and Modernity

Jewish Music and Modernity
Author: Philip Bohlman
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2012-12-01
ISBN 10: 0199946841
ISBN 13: 9780199946846
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Jewish Music and Modernity Book Review:

Is there really such a thing as Jewish music? And how does it survive as a practice of worship and cultural expression even in the face of the many brutal aesthetic and political challenges of modernity? In Jewish Music and Modernity, Philip V. Bohlman imparts these questions with a new light that transforms the very historiography of Jewish culture in modernity. Based on decades of fieldwork and archival study throughout the world, Bohlman intensively examines the many ways in which music has historically borne witness to the confrontation between modern Jews and the world around them. Weaving a historical narrative that spans from the end of the Middle Ages to the Holocaust, he moves through the vast confluence of musical styles and repertories. From the sacred and to the secular, from folk to popular music, and in the many languages in which it was written and performed, he accounts for areas of Jewish music that have rarely been considered before. Jewish music, argues Bohlman, both survived in isolation and transformed the nations in which it lived. When Jews and Jewish musicians entered modernity, authenticity became an ideal to be supplanted by the reality of complex traditions. Klezmer music emerged in rural communities cohabited by Jews and Roma; Jewish cabaret resulted from the collaborations of migrant Jews and non-Jews to the nineteenth-century metropoles of Berlin and Budapest, Prague and Vienna; cantors and composers experimented with new sounds. The modernist impulse from Felix Mendelssohn to Gustav Pick to Arnold Schoenberg and beyond became possible because of the ways music juxtaposed aesthetic and cultural differences. Jewish Music and Modernity demonstrates how borders between repertories are crossed and the sound of modernity is enriched by the movement of music and musicians from the peripheries to the center of modern culture. Bohlman ultimately challenges readers to experience the modern confrontation of self and other anew.

The Twisted Muse

The Twisted Muse
Author: Michael H. Kater
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 1999-04-22
ISBN 10: 9780195351071
ISBN 13: 019535107X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Twisted Muse Book Review:

Is music removed from politics? To what ends, beneficent or malevolent, can music and musicians be put? In short, when human rights are grossly abused and politics turned to fascist demagoguery, can art and artists be innocent? These questions and their implications are explored in Michael Kater's broad survey of musicians and the music they composed and performed during the Third Reich. Great and small--from Valentin Grimm, a struggling clarinetist, to Richard Strauss, renowned composer--are examined by Kater, sometimes in intimate detail, and the lives and decisions of Nazi Germany's professional musicians are laid out before the reader. Kater tackles the issue of whether the Nazi regime, because it held music in crassly utilitarian regard, acted on musicians in such a way as to consolidate or atomize the profession. Kater's examination of the value of music for the regime and the degree to which the regime attained a positive propaganda and palliative effect through the manner in which it manipulated its musicians, and by extension, German music, is of importance for understanding culture in totalitarian systems. This work, with its emphasis on the social and political nature of music and the political attitude of musicians during the Nazi regime, will be the first of its kind. It will be of interest to scholars and general readers eager to understand Nazi Germany, to music lovers, and to anyone interested in the interchange of music and politics, culture and ideology.

Confront

Confront
Author: John J. Michalczyk
Publsiher: Peter Lang
Total Pages: 251
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9780820463179
ISBN 13: 0820463175
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Confront Book Review:

Many critics and some historians consider resistance in Nazi Germany as too little and too late. Few Germans were willing to take risks, and others began to oppose the Third Reich only when the end was in sight. However, despite the threat of prison, concentration camp, or death, there were many diverse groups from the academic, military, and spiritual sectors of society that challenged the Reich's harsh, unjust policies. This book represents the spectrum of these forms of resistance and illustrates the courage of those who dared to confront the Nazi government.

All the Frequent Troubles of Our Days

All the Frequent Troubles of Our Days
Author: Rebecca Donner
Publsiher: Canongate Books
Total Pages: 465
Release: 2021-08-05
ISBN 10: 1786892200
ISBN 13: 9781786892201
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

All the Frequent Troubles of Our Days Book Review:

SELECTED AS A BBC RADIO 4 BOOK OF THE WEEK Born and raised in America, Mildred Harnack was twenty-six and living in Germany when she witnessed the meteoric rise of the Nazi party. She began holding secret meetings in her apartment, forming a small band of political activists set on helping Jews escape, denouncing Hitler and calling for revolution. When the Second World War began, she became a spy, couriering top-secret intelligence to the Allies. In this astonishing work of non-fiction, Harnack’s great-great-niece Rebecca Donner draws on extensive archival research, fusing elements of biography, political thriller and scholarly detective story to tell a powerful, epic tale of an enigmatic woman nearly erased by history.

Jewish Art in Nazi Germany

Jewish Art in Nazi Germany
Author: Dana Smith
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2022-03-28
ISBN 10: 1000568083
ISBN 13: 9781000568080
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Jewish Art in Nazi Germany Book Review:

This book provides a social and cultural history of Jewish art in Nazi Germany, with a focus on the Jewish artists, art critics, and audiences in Nazi Bavaria. From the time of its conceptualization in the autumn of 1933 until its final curtain call in November 1938, the Jewish Cultural League in Bavaria sustained three departments: music, visual arts, and adult education. The Bavarian example steps outside the highly professional cultural milieu of Jewish Berlin, and instead looks at relatively unknown efforts of Bavarian Jewish artists as they used art to define what it now meant, to them, to be Jewish under Nazism. Insightful and engaging, this book is ideal for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars interested in social and cultural histories of Jews in Germany.

The Sound of Hope

The Sound of Hope
Author: Kellie D. Brown
Publsiher: McFarland
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2020-06-11
ISBN 10: 1476670560
ISBN 13: 9781476670560
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sound of Hope Book Review:

Since ancient times, music has demonstrated the incomparable ability to touch and resonate with the human spirit as a tool for communication, emotional expression, and as a medium of cultural identity. During World War II, Nazi leadership recognized the power of music and chose to harness it with malevolence, using its power to push their own agenda and systematically stripping it away from the Jewish people and other populations they sought to disempower. But music also emerged as a counterpoint to this hate, withstanding Nazi attempts to exploit or silence it. Artistic expression triumphed under oppressive regimes elsewhere as well, including the horrific siege of Leningrad and in Japanese internment camps in the Pacific. The oppressed stubbornly clung to music, wherever and however they could, to preserve their culture, to uplift the human spirit and to triumph over oppression, even amid incredible tragedy and suffering. This volume draws together the musical connections and individual stories from this tragic time through scholarly literature, diaries, letters, memoirs, compositions, and art pieces. Collectively, they bear witness to the power of music and offer a reminder to humanity of the imperative each faces to not only remember, but to prevent another such cataclysm.